The base ingredients for rum are molasses or sugarcane juice, yeast, and water. Yeast is used to ferment the mixture. The fermented liquid is placed in a column still. Distillers producing higher end rums will choose to age the rum first before bottling. The aging process will determine the resulting color and flavor. Rhum is the term that typically distinguishes rum made from fresh sugar cane juice from rum made from molasses.
Sugar cane, native to Southeast Asia, first made its way to the New World with Christopher Columbus during his 1492 voyage to the Dominican Republic. It is thought that the first rum, as we think of it today, was made around two centuries later in the Caribbean on the island of Barbados.

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